Blockchain, the technology driving the development of Bitcoin cryptocurrency, is one of the most exciting technological innovations in recent years.
Bitcoin is a digital currency that allows for electronic peer to peer payments without using a centralized third party, such as a bank. Bitcoin was invented by Satoshi Nakamato, who published a paper describing Bitcoin in 2008 and released Bitcoin as an open-source software in 2009. To date, no one knows the true identity of Satoshi Nakamoto, which is most likely an alias for an individual or group of people. Because of its anonymous and decentralized nature, Bitcoin has generated many important ethics, regulatory and legal discussions and challenges.
Blockchain technology was first developed to serve as a public, decentralized and immutable distributed ledger to record bitcoin transactions. These transactions are further verified by network of communicating nodes running the Bitcoin software. Blockchain is essentially a continuously growing list of records, termed blocks, that are linked and secured using cryptography (Wikipedia definition). The secure by design and decentralized nature of blockchain technology make it a high potential technology for limitless types of recording of events such as medical records, transaction processing and food security.
Just within the last two years, we have seen an exponential expansion of blockchain technology applications beyond processing bitcoin transactions by both corporate companies and emerging startups in different industries. Here, we aim to provide an overview of the blockchain patent landscape, including cryptocurrency applications and beyond (Blockchain 2.0).
How does the competitive technology landscape of blockchain look like?
What are the key success factors for blockchain technology in each industry?
Who are the key and emerging players for each application or technology field of blockchain?
What are the main and emerging applications of blockchain?
What are the main technology challenges for blockchain (e.g. energy consumption or scalability)?
An Overview of blockchain technology patent landscape
> 1700 blockchain-relevant patent families were retrieved using PatentInspiration by AULIVE
Applications of Blockchain Technology in health or medicine
Diverse applications of blockchain technology in health and medicine sectors are currently in development. For example, Nebula Genomics and EncrypGen are developing platforms for users to store and share genomics data in a safe and secure way. Healthcare transactions such as prescription filling and medical records are all good candidates that could benefit from blockchain technologies.
For health/medicine relevant blockchain patent applications:
i) Who are the key players?
ii) What are the trends and topics of the patents?